If you notice a brown discharge from your vagina during pregnancy, you may be nervous. Although this is normal and occurs in most cases during pregnancy, there is nothing to worry about. Brown discharge is very common and there is no need to panic as long as you do not feel other symptoms like itching or foul smell.
What is brown discharge during pregnancy
About 20% of women experience brown discharge during pregnancy. Brown discharge is actually a reddish-brown discharge from the vagina that can occur throughout your pregnancy. Brown discharge is basically old blood present in the uterus at this time. This discharge may begin in the early days of pregnancy and continue until the 37th week, that is, until delivery. The amount and color of the discharge may vary. Its color is different from bleeding in period and miscarriage.
Different types of brown discharge during pregnancy
Brown discharges can be of different colors and each type of brown discharge indicates your health problem. Below are the different types of brown discharge and their tone:
Light-brown – implantation bleeding or STD (sexual dysfunction)
Pinkish-brown color – itching and burning in the cervix, ectopic pregnancy, or miscarriage
Dark-brown – early stage of miscarriage or an ectopic pregnancy
Thick, brown – yeast infection
Black-brown – miscarriage, infection in vagina, uterus or cervix
Watery, Brown – Molar Pregnancy
Yellowish-brown – Yeast or bacterial infection
Brown discharge in early pregnancy
Spotting or brown discharge occurs during the implantation from 6 days of ovulation to the first few weeks of gestation. Occasionally in the early days of pregnancy, the uterus removes old blood causing spotting or brown discharge. You may have this discharge at different times in pregnancy due to sensitivity in the cervix and vagina. Vaginal bleeding is very common in early pregnancy and occurs in up to 25% of women.
Brown discharge in late pregnancy
Brown discharge in the last days of pregnancy can be a sign of labor. A few weeks or a few days before delivery, the cervix mucus plug breaks. This is followed by a discharge of brown color or pink hue.
There is no need to worry that this discharge is normal, although bleeding during pregnancy can be a sign of miscarriage. So it is very important that you understand the difference between brown discharge and bleeding and if you are having more problems then go to your doctor immediately.
What causes brown discharge in pregnant women
The reasons for brown discharge from vagina during pregnancy are as follows:
The fertilized egg implants itself by implanting on the walls of the uterus, which can cause bleeding. Implantation bleeding may continue for the first few weeks of pregnancy from 6 days after ovulation. It can also appear as light pink spotting up to a few days before the expected date of the period. Since menstruation occurs 14 days after ovulation, early implantation bleeding can sometimes cause you to have a late period.
Brown discharge that occurs around the date given for your delivery may be an indication of your delivery. When the mucus plug comes out between 36 and 40 weeks, there is a gray discharge and it resembles mucus jelly that comes out of the vagina in the form of old blood. This happens when the cervix becomes soft and your body is ready for delivery and mucus plugs prevent infection from taking place in the womb. The plug and discharge are completely discharged in a few weeks after a bit.
During pregnancy, the cervix becomes filled with blood, making it sensitive. You may have brown discharge and pain due to sexual intercourse or a vaginal medical examination.
Molar pregnancy, which is caused by an abnormality of the placenta, sometimes results in brown discharge. A genetic error during the fertilization process leads to the growth of abnormal tissue within the uterus. During fertilization, abnormal tissue in the uterus grows due to genetic disturbances. Fewer cases of molar pregnancy occur, occurring in 1 in 1000 women, and the fetus does not develop. Instead, tissues undergo abnormal rapid growth. Finally grape-like tissue is ejected from the uterus with a sudden brownish discharge.
Cervical polyps develop harmlessly in cervix. Brown discharge during pregnancy is sometimes due to bleeding from cervical poly, which is caused by increased vascular growth in the cervical tissue.
Occasionally brown discharge is a symptom of ectopic pregnancy, in which fertilized eggs are implanted outside the uterus, mostly in the fallopian tube, although it is mostly in the fallopian tube. Due to this you get very dizzy, along with mild headache, sometimes faintness, frequent pain in stomach and pelvis, etc. can be a problem.
Ectopic pregnancy is a serious problem and may be associated with rupture of the fallopian tube and severe internal bleeding. If you have brown discharge with these symptoms, you should see your doctor immediately.
Brown discharge can sometimes be a sign of missed abortion. In this case, the fetus stops developing but the developed femoral tissues do not exit the uterus. When this does not happen for 4 weeks, brown spotting and bleeding that have texture similar to coffee powder. Sometimes it smells bad and the remaining tissue also comes out. In such a case consult your doctor and make sure that your uterus is cleaned well.
There is occasional brown discharge from the vagina during the first trimester and it can be a sign of miscarriage if you see symptoms such as abdominal pain, lower back pain, severe cramps. You may have heavy bleeding, blood clots and it will come and go for a few days. In most cases, a woman’s body recovers from a miscarriage in a period of 7 to 10 days, after which you do not need treatment.
Brown discharge also occurs due to a placenta problem or abnormality such as placenta praevia and placenta abruption. In the placenta praevia, the mouth of the cervix is covered by the placenta, causing brown colored discharge but no pain. Whereas in placenta abruption, the uterus detaches from the placenta, causing brown discharge and pain.
This is another health problem that is caused by the increase of the hormone estrogen and increased blood flow. Brown discharge is one of its symptoms.
Brown spotting can also occur due to vaginal infection and sexually transmitted diseases.
How to reduce brown discharge during pregnancy
If you have brown discharge due to a serious problem during pregnancy then you can do the following things, let’s know;
Take care of yourself
During pregnancy, do not ignore the appointment with the doctor and get all the tests done on time as advised so that if any problem occurs during this time it can be treated before it is too late.
Pregnancy affects physical and mental health. In such a situation, you can seek the help of a family member to reduce your work.
Don’t do too much exercise
Although exercising and staying active during pregnancy is important, keep in mind that exercising too much can also be harmful for you.
At this time it is best for you to rest in bed. Sleep as much as you can according to your body’s requirement. If you go to the office, try to take a nap during the day.
Keeping the feet elevated keeps your body off the ground. It improves blood circulation in your body and reduces the amount of brown discharge during pregnancy.
Do not carry heavy items
It is not at all beneficial for you to lift your luggage during pregnancy.
Do check and test as advised
During pregnancy, along with vaginal and cervical examination, get blood tests and ultrasound scans done. All these tests are done to check the size of your uterus, the level of pregnancy hormone in the blood, the amount of bleeding and the serious problems that can cause discharge and bleeding.
Its treatment depends on the severity of the problem to reduce brown discharge during pregnancy. At this time some women need medicines and some women do not need it.
When to worry about brown discharge
In these cases, there is no need to panic, but still it is necessary to constantly check whether the discharge is being done, its quantity and how the smell is.
Following are some of the symptoms that can be known whether this problem is serious or not, let us know;
- Excessive discharge – In general, if any type of discharge is required during pregnancy, it is a symptom of a serious problem.
- Discomfort – Discharge and soreness during pregnancy along with pain and cramps can also be a sign of infection. If you notice any of these symptoms, contact a doctor immediately.
- Water-like discharge – During pregnancy, if you have a discharge like water or a thick substance comes out of your vagina, it can also be a sign of miscarriage and you may need dialysis and curation during this time.
- Brown discharge time – If the discharge continues for more than 1 week after intercourse or medical examination, it can be a sign of infection.
- Brown discharge as well as fever – With pregnancy discharge, fever and chills can be a symptom of a severe infection in the uterus or kidney, which can be treated.
- More pain with brown discharge – In addition to brown discharge during pregnancy, if you have problems like dizziness, fever or stomach cramps, it can also be due to ectopic pregnancy. This may threaten the life of the mother and may also need to end the pregnancy.
Although brown discharge is usually not a sign of any problem, but always consult a doctor if there is bleeding during pregnancy. While pregnant, pay attention to every symptom in your body and contact your doctor immediately if any matter is suspected to be serious.